Physics in Search of Oil and Gas
Oil and gas are natural resources that are hidden in various deposits in
the earth crust. The physical properties of oil and gas influence the
material properties of the entire rock. The search for oil and gas uses
different physical measurements to determine the spatial distribution of
these materials with high measurement accuracy and good spatial resolution.
This presentation offers a historic review of the evolution of such measurement methods, followed by a comprehensive discussion of present measurement
technologies and their impact on the oil and gas production. Directional
drilling directly benefits from real-time measurements that permit to steer a
horizontal well into target zones full of oil and gas up to 10 km away.
Future developments foresee environmentally more responsible intervention, such as the sequestering and storage of carbon dioxide to reduce atmospheric warming.
Martin G. Lüling obtained his Ph.D. in Princeton University with a study in
theoretical elementary-particle physics. Since 1986 he works for Schlumberger
as theoretical physicist on the development of measurement devices and methods
as well as data-reduction and processing techniques for the oil and gas
exploration. He significantly contributed to the development of electromagnetic
measurements during the drilling process and their application as controls for
steering in directional drilling. He developed inversion methods for
tomographic surveys and some of the associated instruments. Martin lives and
works nowadays in Paris with his family with two children, enjoys French
cooking and wines, plays violoncello and double bass.