Contaminant source architecture: multivariate phenomenological description, identification and simulation

Project description

In most contaminant transport simulations and theoretical approaches, contaminant source zones are conceptualized as volumes with simplistic, known geometries. This contradicts the fact that source zones are the outcome of complex and non-linear physical processes (e.g., DNAPL infiltration), which lead to complex source architecture. The consequences of this assumption propagate as severe errors though all subsequent modelling steps, including the interpolation or geostatistical inversion of down-gradient concentration measurements, and the estimation of contaminant total flux and natural attenuation.

The goal of this project is to assess and overcome the consequences of assumed simplistic source architectures. We will conceptualize source zones as random space functions that can capture complex spatial patterns. Individual objectives are stochastic phenomenological description of source architecture, stochastic inference of architectures and their characteristics from local small-scale and other large-scale data, the search for optimal sampling schemes, random generation of architectures and improved models for equivalent upscaled sources.

More info
Researcher Jonas Koch     
Principal investigator Prof. Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Nowak
Prof. Dr. rer.nat. Dr.-Ing. habil. András Bárdossy
Partner Timo Heimovaara, Delft (Netherlands)
Marco Dentz, UPC Barcelona (Spaniend)
Felipe de Barros, University of Southern California (United States)
Duration 07/2010 - 12/2013 Financing International Research Training Group "NUPUS" (DFG IRTG 1398)


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