EU-Project Sub-GATE: Submarine Groundwater-Fluxes And Transport-Processes from Methane Rich Coastal Sedimentary Environments
Task 8: Groundwater flow modelling

Department of Hydromechanics and Modelling of Hydrosystems

Funded by the European Commission within the specific RTD programme for Marine Science and Technology (MAST) from 1st March 1998 until 28th February 2001


The goal of the project is to establish a 2D and a 3D groundwater flow model at the transition of subterranean-submarine hydrological regime of proposed seepage systems.

To achieve this the enhancement of the numerical formulation and solution procedure of the sharp interface modeling approach for multilayered aquifer systems is necessary. These enhancements include an improved choice of the dependent variables to yield a more robust conservative numerical approximation, less restrictive vertical leakage calculation, rigorous treatment of well conditions, full Newton-Raphson treatment of nonlinearities, and the use of an efficient solver technique (UG, see BASTIAN, 1993). The approach is based on the multiphase flow, transport and energy model (MUFTE, see HELMIG et al., 1994). The necessary steps are:

      Simulating the submarine groundwater discharge at the outflow of a vent and a seep area by a two dimensional flow and transport model (MUFTE_UG). Different characteristic hydrological and submarine flow regimes of the examined area will be studied with the purpose to predict the order of magnitude of water and (non-reactive) mass fluxes at the vent and seep sites. By adjusting the model in order to approximate the representative hydraulic and chemical parameters, the main mechanisms which are controlling the submarine groundwater discharge will be analyzed.
      Based on these studies of the subterranean-submarine flow regime a numerical model will be established and calibrated for the prediction of the water and mass fluxes in different subdomaines of the area of interest.



Project manager

Helmig, Rainer


Hinkelmann, Reinhard

Research assistant

Sheta, Hussam




03/1998 - 02/2001



Cooperation partners

Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut, Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel, Germany, in collaboration with Institut für Geophysik und Geologie, Universität Leipzig, Germany

Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen

RISØ National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark

School of Ocean Science, Gwynedd, University of Wales, Bangor, United Kingdom

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Patras, Greece, in collaboration with Institut für ComputerAnwendungen im Bauingenieurwesen, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany

GEOMAR Research Center, Kiel, Germany

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